For this generation, the 90s were a time when everything was better and brighter. There’s no denying the sense of nostalgia every time a childhood favorite TV show comes on, and no matter how many times you’ve seen a certain episode, you’re always down for enjoying it from beginning to end. No matter how familiar you may be with a certain show, we bet there are a few things you may not have known about them. Let’s take a look at five of our favorites!
The original premise of the show was called House Of Comics.
Show creator Jeff Franklin initially considered a show about three stand-up comics living in the same house. ABC, however, was looking for a family-oriented show so Franklin made some changes. The scenario he dreamed up was of a widower inviting his best friend and his brother-in-law to live with him and help raise his kids, thus forming Full House.Embed from Getty Images
Bob Saget didn’t play Danny Tanner in the original pilot.
Bob Saget was Jeff Franklin’s first choice to play Danny but he had other engagements at the time. Actor John Posey played Danny in the original pilot episode, but after Saget was fired from his previous job, Franklin re-shot the pilot with Saget for broadcast.Embed from Getty Images
Only one episode was actually shot in San Francisco.
The premiere episode of season eight, “Comet’s Excellent Adventure,” was the only episode shot on location in San Francisco. Aside from the episodes shot in Hawaii and Walt Disney World in Florida, every episode was filmed at the Warner Bros. lot in Los Angeles.Embed from Getty Images
Comet was the dog who portrayed Air Bud.
Comet the dog’s real name was Buddy – a golden retriever who could shoot a basketball, stop soccer balls and hockey pucks, and catch baseballs. Those skills landed him the starring role in Air Bud and Air Bud 2. Sadly, Buddy died in 1998 from synovial cell sarcoma.Embed from Getty Images
D.J.’s boyfriend Steve was the voice of Aladdin.
Scott Weinger may have made a splash as Steve Hale on Full House, but his big Disney gig came as he was chosen to be the voice of Disney’s Aladdin. His gig was referenced in the show’s two-part Disney World episode, “The House Meets The Mouse.”Embed from Getty Images
The house shown in the credits was sold for $3.1 million.
The house we all know and love from the opening credits was sold in 2014 for $3.1 million. It’s the largest and oldest of the seven San Francisco houses known as the “Painted Ladies.” The house was built in 1892.Embed from Getty Images
The set was used to film Friends.
After the cancellation of Full House, the set was used to film Friends. In fact, when John Stamos guest starred in a 2003 episode of Friends (“The One With the Donor”) he claimed that Dave Coulier’s underwear was still on the roof of his old dressing room.Embed from Getty Images
The writers of “Everywhere You Look” penned themes for other hit 90s shows.
Performed by Jesse Frederick with writing partners Bennett Salvay and show creator Jeff Franklin, “Everywhere You Look” was a hit theme. The writers also penned themes for Step By Step, Family Matters, and Perfect Strangers.Embed from Getty Images
Alex Katsopolis became a Foley artist.
Dylan Tuomy-Wilhoit, who played twin Alex on the show, has made sound effects for Game of Thrones and Furious 7. His twin brother Blake (who played Nicky) is a firefighter.Embed from Getty Images
Jesse and The Rippers reunited in 2013.
On an episode of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, Stamos, in character with his old band, performed their popular Beach Boys cover of “Forever” along with Elvis Presley’s “Little Sister,” The Beatles’ “Hippy Hippy Shake,” and of course, show theme “Everywhere You Look.” Lori Loughlin also made a cameo.Embed from Getty Images
Saved By The Bell
The show began as a Disney series.
Disney Channel ran original concept, Good Morning, Miss Bliss for one season before being picked back up by NBC. The show was then given a facelift, making the main focus the students rather than teacher, Hayley Mills. Saved By The Bell was then formed.Embed from Getty Images
Elizabeth Berkley auditioned for the role of Kelly Kapowski.
Berkley was in the running to play the role of Kelly. While the role ultimately went to Tiffani Amber-Thiessen, the producers liked Elizabeth so much they created the role of Jessie Spano just for her. However, Berkley wasn’t always thrilled about the portrayal of her character, wishing for more girly, empowering ensembles.Embed from Getty Images
Mark-Paul Gosselaar and Lark Voorhies dated for the majority of the show’s run.
While Kelly make have been the object of Zack’s desire, Lark Voorhies, who played Lisa Turtle, was his real life girlfriend. The couple dated for three years, including during the filming of TV movie Saved By The Bell: Hawaiian Style.Embed from Getty Images
The show’s set is still being utilized.
Following the show’s cancellation, the set was never completely taken down. You can catch glimpses of Bayside High School in old episodes of Disney Channel’s That’s So Raven and Nickelodeon’s iCarly.Embed from Getty Images
There was no swearing allowed on set.
Executive producer Peter Engel wanted to maintain the show’s wholesome feel so he put a ban on swearing on set. When Gosselaar was filming Dead Man on Campus in 1998, he was kind of relieved that he could let loose a bit on that set.Embed from Getty Images
Kelly and Jesse mysteriously disappeared in the final season.
You might remember new character Tori Scott enter the picture during the show’s final season. Turns out NBC decided to resign the entire cast after filming the final season, but Thiessen and Berkley refused. Tori (played be Leanna Creel) solved the lack of female lead. However, during the show’s graduation episode, Thiessen and Berkley were present but Creel was missing.Embed from Getty Images
The show offered a ton of guest stars.
The show had its share of now-famous guest stars. Eric Dane (Grey’s Anatomy) starred as a volleyball opponent, Denise Richards starred as a love interest for Slater, and Tori Spelling played Violet Bickerstaff, a love interest for Screech. Other guest stars included Leah Remini, Christine Taylor, and Scott Wolf.Embed from Getty Images
Mario Lopez tried to channel Mel Gibson’s hair.
Mario Lopez credits his famous 90s hair do in the show to actor Mel Gibson. “I liked my hair long because I wanted to look like Mel Gibson in Lethal Weapon," he told People. “I didn't even know I had a mullet! Looking back, I guess it does qualify.”Embed from Getty Images
Mark-Paul had to dye his hair every two weeks.
As a natural brunette, Mark-Paul Gosselaar had to bleach his hair every two weeks. He admitted that getting back to his natural color took a while.Embed from Getty Images
Berkley’s favorite episode is a classic.
Elizabeth Berkley admitted that her favorite episode is the caffeine pill incident. When asked about her favorite memory, she didn’t hesitate, sharing, “The ‘I'm so excited!’ episode when Jessie uses 'caffeine pills.’ It was so extreme. We made a music video; we were thrilled!"Embed from Getty Images
Boy Meets World
Cory was supposed to have two best friends.
In the first three episodes of season one, Cory had a second friend in addition to Shawn. His friends were supposed to be featured as group but the characters didn’t stick. Once the character of Topanga was introduced, the idea of another best friend was scrapped.Embed from Getty Images
Minkus’s name was changed.
The writer of the show changed the name of Lee Norris’s character of Stuart Lempke to Stuart Minkus after discovering that there was an actual Stuart Lempke living in Philadelphia where the show takes place.Embed from Getty Images
Danielle Fishel wasn’t the original Topanga.
It’s hard to believe anyone else playing the part of Topanga, but turns out Danielle Fishel wasn’t the original. After another actress didn’t work out, Fishel read for the part, making Topanga very upbeat and bubbly. Co-creator Michael Jacobs wanted a more calm character so she spent all night practicing the part and landed it.Embed from Getty Images
Topanga was named after Topanga Canyon.
Topanga’s name was a last minute decision. According to Fishel, “Michael Jacobs says he was driving down the highway when production called and said, ‘We need a name for this character!’ He happened to be driving past Topanga Canyon, so he said, ‘Topanga.’ He says that if they had called him two miles later, I would’ve been named Canoga, which is the next exit.”Embed from Getty Images
Eric and Shawn barely had scenes together for a reason.
While real-life friends Will Friedle and Rider Strong are still close today, their unquestionable chemistry made for some hard-to-shoot scenes. During the show’s 2013 reunion, Friedle shared, “They never let Rider and I do scenes together because we would look at each other and start laughing, so I think over seven years, we had, like, five scenes together.”Embed from Getty Images
Rider Strong hated his character’s haircut.
Shawn’s haircut is still beloved to this day but Rider Strong was not a big fan. “I hated my hair. I came to the audition with that hairstyle, got the part, and the director Michael Jacobs never let me cut it from there on out,” he shared.Embed from Getty Images
John Adams High School is a possible reference to William Daniels.
Although it hasn’t been confirmed, many fans believe that John Adams High School is a nod to Daniels’s career after playing John Adams in the film and musical versions of 1776.Embed from Getty Images
The show featured many guest stars.
Future stars were born on the set of Boy Meets World including Jennifer Love Hewitt, Adam Scott, Linda Cardellini, Brittany Murphy, Charisma Carpenter, and Julie Benz.Embed from Getty Images
ABC ran an online poll to see whether Cory and Topanga should get married.
Jacobs wanted the couple to marry before the show ended but ABC disagreed with the decision, feeling as if 20 years-old was too young for the characters to get married. So Jacobs suggested running an online poll. Turns out, fans were all for it so they married midway through the last season.Embed from Getty Images
The tears in the finale were real.
The last scene in the classroom with Mr. Feeny was only filmed once, and for good reason! Strong shared that it was filmed in one take because everyone was such a wreck. Ben Savage has also shared, “When they said, ‘Cut!’ on that final take, it was almost like someone was saying, ‘Say goodbye to your childhood.”Embed from Getty Images
The star of the show was originally supposed to be male.
Series creator Don Reo wanted to make a show with a Holden Caulfield-type character while Blossom was only the younger sister in the script. A female network executive at NBC suggested that Blossom become the star.Embed from Getty Images
Musician Dion DiMucci was the inspiration behind Nick Russo.
After Reo was a guest at DiMucci’s 50th birthday, he noticed how normal the star acted around his three daughters, giving Reo the idea for a family sitcom about a cool dad involved in music.Embed from Getty Images
Melissa Joan Hart was offered the role of Six.
It’s hard to believe anyone could ever portray the role of Six as well as Jenna Von Oy, but turns out, Melissa Joan Hart was up for the part of Blossom’s chatty best friend. She of course turned it down to play the role of Clarissa Darling on Clarissa Explains It All.Embed from Getty Images
Jenna Von Oy loaded up on sugar to get into character.
In order to fully become the character of Six LeMeure, Jenna Von Oy would mash up a cocktail of M&Ms and malted milk balls in a coffee cup, filling it with Coke or hot coffee. If that doesn’t make anyone energetic and nuts, we don’t know what will.Embed from Getty Images
Blossom’s outfits went through a lot of thought.
Before each wardrobe fitting, costume designer Sherry Thompson and costume supervisor Marion Kirk would scour boutiques and chain stores on Melrose Avenue for three hours to find the perfect outfits for Blossom and Six.Embed from Getty Images
There was a Blossom fashion line at one point.
In the summer of 1993, Dillard’s, Jacobson’s, and Burdines offered an official line of Blossom fashions inspired by the outfits the star wore on the show.Embed from Getty Images
Joey’s signature line of, “Whoa!,” wasn’t very funny initially.
Special things take time to grow and Joey Lawrence’s catchphrase of, “Whoa!” didn’t catch on right away. “I don’t know where that came from! I just tried it once and did this weird thing and people laughed. They laughed tremendously long. We did a second take and they laughed again,” shared Lawrence. “It’s so weird that word has transcended 20 years.”Embed from Getty Images
Michael Stoyanov left the show to write for Conan O’Brien.
Stoyanov apparently urged production to write his character of Anthony off the show toward the end of its final season so he could accept his writer’s position at Late Night with Conan O’Brien. He later went on to write for Mad TV and Mr. Show with Bob and David. He shared that he eventually regretted leaving the series.Embed from Getty Images
Joey Lawrence received the most fan mail.
The Joey effect was real. A 1991 MediaWeek survey rated Blossom as the most popular show for viewers aged 12-17, which was probably thanks to Lawrence. He was estimated to receive 4,000 to 7,000 letters a day while another source claimed he received 15,000 a week.Embed from Getty Images
Blossom was the last show Ted Wass acted in.
While Blossom was the first show he directed, it was the last of his acting days for Ted Wass. He now focuses his time on directing, including comedies such as 2 Broke Girls, Last Man Standing, and Melissa & Joey, reuniting him with Joey Lawrence.Embed from Getty Images
Clarissa Explains It All
Clarissa was one of the first Nickelodeon sitcoms.
When creator Mitchell Kriegman pitches his idea for a sitcom, Nickelodeon’s only other sitcom was Hey Dude. They wanted something with a female lead but she had to appeal to both genders as to not alienate audiences.Embed from Getty Images
The name of Clarissa remains a mystery.
The backstory of how Kriegman decided to name his heroine as Clarissa remains a mystery. “That’s a secret that’s going to go to my grave with me,” he says. “The only thing I can say is that I intentionally picked a name that she could say that she hated.” He did admit that her last name, Darling, was taken from the Darling family in Peter Pan.Embed from Getty Images
Another girl almost played Clarissa.
Kriegman shared that the other actress that almost was Clarissa was a little more Claire Danes-like. He ended up choosing Melissa Joan Hart because “she was so charming and she just lit up the screen. Because she did that, I could load her up; make her really quirky and different. She could make it play.”Embed from Getty Images
The idea of pet Elvis came from an ex-love.
Inspired by his old college girlfriend, the idea of pet alligator Elvis was something off-the-wall and different, rather than sticking Clarissa with a traditional pet like a dog or a cat.Embed from Getty Images
Rachel Sweet created that catchy theme song.
Kriegman’s friend, Rachel Sweet, lended her talents to the opening theme of Clarissa Explains It All, which is still stuck in our heads today some twenty years later.Embed from Getty Images
Initially network executives thought Clarissa was rude.
Turns out, network execs weren’t too fond of Clarissa “talking back to her parents.” They also felt that her jokes were too sarcastic. “That’s usually the initial response to my girl characters,” Kriegman shared. “And I always say the same thing: ‘If a boy were saying this thing, and doing this thing, would you be complaining that they are being too rude, or they’re being too sarcastic or jokey with their parents?’ The answer’s no.”Embed from Getty Images
Clarissa’s style was very influential.
Clarissa’s signature style was crafted by Lisa Lederer who wanted her style to reflect her personality while being able to express herself.Embed from Getty Images
There was a Clarissa board game.
Players had to answer questions about school, friends, and stuff like pizza toppings. The goal of the game was to pass Driver’s Ed and get a car, but not before a few challenges came your way.Embed from Getty Images
The show was canceled not for what you think.
While many believed the show was canceled due to bad ratings, age was the simple factor. Clarissa, at the age of 17 during cancellation, was “too old for their viewers.”Embed from Getty Images
Kriegman wrote a Clarissa novel.
Titled Things I Can’t Explain, Clarissa is 26 and living in New York City trying to figure out this crazy thing called life. “It’s definitely written in a way that I hope is deeply satisfying for the novel itself, but represents an opportunity to continue the story. I think she’s still a fascinating person,” shared Kriegman.Embed from Getty Images
These Nostalgic Pictures Bring History Back to Life
It is often said that a picture is worth a 1000 words. But sometimes it is more than that. An image can have the power to take us back in time and make us re-experience or newly-live through moments of our history that helped shape the world we live in today. Let us take you down memory lane into some of the greatest events, people, and moments that marked our past, present, and future.Embed from Getty Images
Princess Elizabeth, now Queen Elizabeth II, and Philip Mountbatten, who became Duke of Edinburgh on the morning of the wedding, got married on 20 November 1947. The two are second cousins once removed and first met in 1934 at a different royal wedding.
They got married 4 months after the engagement was announced. The ceremony was recorded and broadcast by BBC to 200 million people around the world.
Following WWII, the British government temporarily intorduced a rationing method. People had to register to receive coupons for food. Same was true for Princess Elizabeth, that had to use clothing ration coupons to pay for her wedding dress. The people, who couldn't tolerate the idea that their princess wouldn't have a beautiful wedding dress, sent her their coupons to help. Hundreds of people contributed, but she couldn't use it as it was illegal. In 2007, Queen Elizabeth became the first British Monarch to have celebrated a Diamond Wedding anniversary.
Elvis in Jailhouse Rock
The King of Rock and Roll was, and still is, a cultural phenomenon. Not only for his music and dance moves, but also for his charm and charisma. In 1957 he stared in the musical drama "Jailhouse Rock". He played a manslaughter convict who is mentored in music while in prison. After he is released, he starts building his career outside.
Even though he possess impressive musical abilities and definitely has star quality, his destructive personality comes in the middle and affects his success and relationships.Embed from Getty Images
The dance sequence to the film's title song "Jailhouse Rock" is often cited as "Presley's greatest moment on screen". And there were many of them.
Freddie Mercury of Queen
There are not enough words to describe Freddie Mercury. The lead vocalist of Queen was a once in a lifetime performer. In 1980 the band released its successful album The Game. The promotion tour, "The Game Tour", was a worldwide success and made Queen the first british band to play in South America.Embed from Getty Images
They were planned to play 3 shows in Caracas, Venezuela, but were only able to perform once. The Venezuelan government declared an 8-day period of National Mourning due to the passing of Venezuelan former president Romulo Betancourt, and so the remaining concerts were canclled.
The image above is from the band's performance at the Rosemont Horizon, Illinois on September 19th, 1980.
Gay Rights Demonstrations
The Gay Rights movement came a long way from where it was in the previous century. The 60s and the 70s were key years in the progress of the movement, with multiple igniting events. One of them was the Stonewall Riots. The Stonwall Inn was a gay club in New York City. In June 1969, the NYC Police raided the place. The raid was a breaking point in the community and was followed by a week of protests and violent clashes.Embed from Getty Images
At the one-year anniversary of the riots, community members marched in the streets of New York in commemoration of the event that was a catalyst to the gay rights movement around the world. This march is considered the first gay pride parade. The community's activism helped to make some progress during the 70s.
Openely LGBT individuals secured public office positions, among them was Harvery Milk, who became the San Francisco city supervisor in 1978. 1978 was also the year in which the first rainbow flag was stitched. The first National March was in Washington in 1979, where more than 100,000 people participated.
Madonna at the MTV Video Awards
The forever young and vibrant star ,Madonna, is known to be the star, everywhere she goes. As expected, it was no different in 1984, in the first MTV Video Music Awards.Embed from Getty Images
Madonna performed "Like a Virgin" as she emerged from a 17-foot wedding cake wearing a wedding dress. In the middle of the performence, she accidently kicked off one of her white high heel shoes. As the show must go on, she started rolling around on the stage in order to cover up for it.
She was of course doing it Madonna style, in quite provocative motions, that got some people outraged. In that same awards show she was also nominated for Best New Artist in a Video for "Borderline".
United Airlines Flight 553 Crash
In December 8, 1972 the United Airlines Flight 553 jet carshed into a residential neighborhood, destroying five houses. 42 of the 61 aboard the aircraft, both passengers and crew members, were killed. Two people on the ground were also killed as a result of the deadly crash.Embed from Getty Images
The crash was also full of conspiracies. Among the passengers killed was Dorothy Hunt, the wife of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt. Even though the official statement regarding the cause of the accident was that the airspeed was too low and no evidence of spotage or foul play was ever found, it didn't stop people from thinking that something was fishy.
Mrs. Hunt was carrying $10,000 in $100 bills when the plane crashed, so the rumor was that the money was meant to be payed to the people connected to Watergate.
Riots in Asbury Park
The Asbury Park neighborhood in New Jersey was a boiling pot waiting to explode. It wasn't clear when and how, but it was surely inevitable. The first wave of the Great Migration brought African Americans from the South to Asbury Park for better opportunities.
The resort townn was a great hob for employment opportunities and the newcomers got integrated in the successful industry. However, the Great Depression and WWII caused the resort industry to change. Jobs were often outsourced to white youth in the area, which caused frustration among the African-American community that by that time comprised 30% of the town's population.Embed from Getty Images
On July 4, 1970, all the tension due to the lack of jobs and poor living conditions brought the people to their boiling point and riots broke. The riots lasted for 7 days, leaving 180 people injured and parts of the neighborhood completely destroyed. The violence attracted the attention of the nation, but it was not long living. Asbury Park was only one of the many cities across the United States that experienced riots in the 60s and 70s.
The Pima Indians of Arizona
The Pima Indians are a group of Native Americans living in an area consisting of central and southern Arizona. In the image below you can see a typical hut in 1912.Embed from Getty Images
The Pima Indians gave great improtance to people's names. From the age of 10 until marriage, they are not allowed to speak their own names out loud. The fear was that such an act would bring bad luck both in the present and the future. Similarly, they also avoid saying the names of the dead to avoid calling their spirits back among the living.
Black Panther Funeral
The funeral of the controversial figure, George Jackson at St. Augustine's Episcopal Church in Oakland, Califronia in 1971 consisted of a gathering of quite a few of his followers and family members. George Lester Jackson was an African-American author. In 1961, while serving a sentence for armed robbery, he co-founded the Maoist-Marxist Black Guerilla Family, which was known for its revolutionary activity.Embed from Getty Images
He started getting involved in multiple violent activities in prison, all in the name of the causes he believed to be defending. Jackson befriended W.L. Nolen and they were trasferred together to Soledad prison. There, Nolen was shot by corrections officer Opie G. Miller during a yard riot with members of the Aryan Brotherhood.
Nolen died from his wounds and Jackson became increasingly more confrontational and spoke about taking revenge. During an escape attempt in 1971, he pulled a gun on one of the guards and ordered him to open all the cells. He managed to escape to the yard, where he was deadly shot from a guard tower.
Young Brad Pitt
The now A-listed Hollywood star didn't even originally planned on beocming an actor. He majored in journalism with a focus on advertising, but left two weeks before completing his degree to move to Los Angeles. His acting career began in 1987 with some uncredited parts.Embed from Getty Images
He started appearing in TV roles such as guest appearances on "Growing Pains", four episodes of "Dallas", and a guest appearance in "21 Jump street".
1988 was a key year for him. He got his first leading role in the movie "The Dark Side of the Sun". Below is an image of him around that time wearing a triby hat while in London. His movie was only released in 1997 due to the Croation War of Independence.
The Jackson Five
The Jackson Five group, which combined the talents of the five Jackson brothers, was founded in 1964. They started by appearing and winning talent shows. After multiple attempts to get the group signed, they eventually signed with Berry Gordy and they were the opening act for the Supremes. In 1970 they recorded their first single "I Want You Back". The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 in January that year.Embed from Getty Images
You can see the group when this hit topped most lists, from left Marlon, Michael, Jermaine, Tito, and Jackie. They released two more number 1 singles "ABC" and "The Love You Save". Some members of the group, among which was Michael, started pursuing a solo career.
In between releasing of group albums, Michael released his best-selling solo effort, Off the Wall. Then he worked on his second solo release, which was released in November 1982 as Thriller, which went on to become the best selling album of all time, winning eight Grammy Awards including Album of the Year.
Frida Kahlo was one of those artists that got most of their fame and acceptance after their death. She was disabled by polio as a child and spent most of her childhood in her family home. Though she had been a promosing student headed for medical school, a traffic accident at the age of 18 caused her lifelong pain and medical problems. During her recovery she came back to her childhood hobby of art and the course of her life changed.Embed from Getty Images
She became politically involved with the Mexican Communist Party, where she met the Mexican artist Diego Rivera. The two married but continued to have extramarital affairs. Her artisitc career started to gain traction and towards the late 30s she already had a solo exhibition in New York and one of her paintings was purchased by the Louvre.
Unfortunately, her health complications took a toll on her and she died when she was only 47. Until the late 70s she was known mainly as River's wife, but when her work was discovered by political activitsts she became an icon for the feminist and LGBTQ movements.
Atomic Bomb Hiroshima
One of the most horrific and controversial events of the previous century - The Atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The bomb, also nicknamed "Little Boy", was dropped by an American B-29 bomber, directly killing an estimated 80,000 people and indirectly causing the death of 90,000-166,000 people due to injury and radiation.Embed from Getty Images
After the war in Europe concluded, the Allies turned their full attention to the Pacific War. Japan, however, declined to surrender, even when the Americans threatened with "prmpt and utter destruction". From the time President Truman took office to mid-July (about 3 months), Japanese forces inflicted casualties totaling nearly half those suffered in 3 full years in the Pacific war.
Truman's dillema was between "Operation Downfall", which was a massive invasion that had the potential of causing up to 1 milloin U.S causalties, and the atomic bomb. Hiroshima was the first target and was followed by a second bomb on Nagasaki. After about a week, Japan announced its surrender.
Wall Street on Black Tuesday
The Stock Market Crash, known as Black Tuesday, came after a period of rapid stock market expansion, reaching its peak in August 1929. By then, production had already declined and unemployment had risen, leaving stocks in great excess of their real value.Embed from Getty Images
Following the WWI post-war optimism, rural Americans migrated to the cities in vast numbers with the hopes of finding a more prosperous life in the ever-growing expansion of America's industrial sector. While the American cities prospered, the overproduction of agricultural produce created widespread financial despair among american farmers throughout the decade. Stock prices began to decline in September and early October 1929, and on October 18 the fall began. Panic set in and on October 24, a record 12,894,650 shares were traded.
Investment companies and leading bankers attempted to stabilize the market by buying up great blocks of stock, producing a moderate rally on Friday. But on Monday the market went on a free fall, followed by Black Tuesday, in which stock prices collapsed completely and 16,410,030 shares were traded on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day. Billions of dollars were lost.
Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights March
The 60s marked an infliction point when it came to many social issues. One of those was the Voting Rights Act, which guaranteed the right to vote to all African Americans. But it didn't come easily. In March 1965 protestors marched a 54-mile route from Selma to the state capital of Montegomery. On their way they were confronted with deadly violence from local authorities and white vigilante groups.
The protesters eventually achieved their goal, and after walking for 3 days around the clock, they arrived to their destination. The participation of Martin Luther King Jr. in the march and the national attention brought to the historic event helped to highlight the need to a national Voting Rights Act.Embed from Getty Images
Nearly 50,000 supporters joined the marches in Montgomery and wintnessed the famous Martin Luther King speech. That August, Congress passed the Voting rights Act, which along with the Civil Rights Act, was one of the most important pieces of civil rights legislation in American history.
FIFA World Cup 1990
The FIFA World Cup of 1990 was especially significant for Germany. It was the third time they won the World Cup title and last time it won it as "West Germany". They beat Argentina 1-0. Italy finished third and England fourth. Below you can see the English substitutes bench performing the 'Wave' during the 3rd and 4th place playoff match on 7 July 1990.
Left to right Steve Hodge, Terry Butcher, Chris Waddle, John Barnes, Paul Gazza Gascoigne, Steve Bull, Chris Woods, Dave Beasant, Stuart Pearce and Neil Webb.Embed from Getty Images
This specific World Cup was widley regarded as one of the poorest World Cups in terms of the games. It generated an average 2.2 goals per game, 16 red cards and a first ever dismissal in a final. However, it also marked some important changes. It saw the introduction of the pre-match Fair Play Flag, introduced the back-pass rule in 1992 and three points for a win instead of two, and was the first World Cup to be officially recorded and transmitted in HDTV.
By 1969, Barbra Streisand was already well into her career. In 1968 she performed in her first film, a reprise of her Broadway hit, Funny Girl, She won the Academy Award for Best Actress for that role. Then in 1969 she appeared in another commercial success, "Hello, Dolly!", which was directed by Gene Kelly.Embed from Getty Images
In terms of music, 1969 was a transition period, where she began to attempt more contemporary material, but found herself out of her element. She eventually found her place within the pop and ballad generes. In the image above she can be seen at the Dorchester Hotel in London, January 14th 1969.
The Battle of Normandy, codenamed Operation Overlord, was one of the most important and decisive operations of the second World War. A combined force of sea, air and land of the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada lauched the operation from Great Britain towards five beaches along the coast of Normandy.Embed from Getty Images
The Operation was launched on 6 June 1944, but the decision regarding the invasion was already discussed in May 1943. The first day was not forecasting a great success, but the following days, especially after the capture of the port at Cherbourg started to mark the success of the operation's objectives.
The allies launched a second invasion from the Mediterranean Sea of southern France and the Liberation of Paris followed. The retreat of German forces towards the Seine marked the close of the operation. In the image you can see General Erwin Rommel inspecting the coastal defense system with a group of German officers, with a machine gunner in front of him.
Sonny & Cher
The American duo Sonny & Cher were the "royal" couple of the entertainment industry during the 60s and 70s. It was made up of the husband and wife Sonny Bono and Cher. They started as R&B backing singers, but later achieved their own success with the release of "Baby Don't go" and "I Got you Babe". In addition to their successful music career, they also became TV personalities with "The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour" and "The Sonny & Cher Show".Embed from Getty Images
Unfortunetly, as the duo was built around their love, the end of the marriage also meant the end of the performing pair. However, eventhough their career as a duo ended in 1975, after selling over 40 million records worldwide, Cher went on to a highly successful career as a solo artist.
Sonny Bomo found himself in politics, elected to Congress as republican U.S Representative from California.
When J.F. Kennedy became the 35th President of the United States, many Americans perceived that the United States was losing the Space Race with the Soviet Union. The perception increased when on April 1961, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Kennedy was looking for a space related achievement. NASA said the best chance to beat the russians was to attempt to land a man on the moon.Embed from Getty Images
On September 12, 1962, Kennedy delivered his speech before a crowd of 40,000 people on the nation's space effort to land a man on the moon. By 1963, Kennedy came close to agreeing to a joint US-USSR Moon mission, to eliminate duplication of effort and the Apollo project became the program whose mission was to place a man on the moon.
Throughout his administration, Kennedy kept pushing for the improving and realization of the Apollo project, but his assassination on 1963 prevented him from seeing his goal accomplished. The idea of a joint Moon mission was abandoned after Kennedy's death, but the Apollo Project became a memorial to him. His goal was fulfilled in July 1969, with the successful Apollo 11 Moon landing.
Marilyn Monroe in Korea
If there is one thing that could cheer up soldiers during a war, it is Marilyn Monroe. Thankfully, Marilyn knew that as well. In January 1954, Marilyn Monroe and Joe Dimaggio married and went to their hineymoon in Japan.
From there, Monroe took a solo detour to the Korean peninsula and over the course of four days she put on 10 shows for an estimated 100,000 servicemen.Embed from Getty Images
The show she put together was called 'Anything Goes'. The trip was also a personal triumph for Monroe herself as she, believe it or not, used it to overcome her stagefright. In the image Monroe is seen stepping off the helicopter after arriving and posing for photographers.
The airship Hindenburg, the largest dirigible ever built and the pride of Nazi Germany, burst into flames upon touching its mooring mast in Lakehurst, New Jersey, killing 36 passsengers and crewmembers of the 97 people aboard. The Hindenburg left Frankfurt, Germany, for a journey across the Atlantic to Lakehusrt's Navy Air Base. While attempting to moor at Lakehurst, the airship suddenly burst into flames, probably after a spark ignited its hydrogen core.
Radio announcer Herb Morrison, who came to the Lakehurst to record a routine voice-over, immortalized the Hindenburg disaster in a famous on-the-scene description in which he emotionally declared, "Oh, the humanity!". Although carrying only half its full capacity for the accident flight, it was fully booked for its return flight.
Many of the passengers with tickets to Germany were planning to attend the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in London the following week.
Michael Jordan Dribbling Past Defender
1982 was one of the most important years in Michael Jordan's career.As a freshman he was named ACC Freshman of the Year. He made the game-winning jump shot in the 1982 NCAA Cahmpionship game against Georgetown, which was led by future NBA rival Patrick Ewing.
Jordan later described this shot as the major turning point in his basketball career. He hit a go-ahead basket with 15 seconds reaming to give North Carolina a one-point advantage.Embed from Getty Images
In the image, you can see Michael Jordan in the University of North Carolina wags his tangue as he dribbles the basketball past a North Carolin State defender, January 13, 1982.
Search and Destroy - Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a Cold War era proxy war, between North Vietnam (supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies) and South Vietnam (supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand, and other anti-communist allies). After the defeat of Nazi Germany, the United states perceived a new threat to western Democracy - Communist expansion in Asia.
The U.S military first began acting in an advise and consent role. By late 1961, the United States began to transition into a direct combat role. Unable to ignore the likely fall of South Vietnam's democratic government, american involvement ramped up in the mid-1960s, and by 1967 started offensive combat operations to secure the border and root out communist base areas.Embed from Getty Images
One of these operations was Operation Pershing (in the image above). The two American soldiers are waiting for the second wave to come in. It sought to reduce communist forces and damage their infrastructure in Binh Dinh province. It lasted from 12 Febraury 1967 to 19 January 1968.
Times Square at Night
Times Square in New York went through many trasnformations before it become what we know it to be today. Geogarphically, it is the junction of Broadway and 7th Avenue and streches from West 42nd to West 47th Streets. It is one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually.Embed from Getty Images
Formerly known as Longacre Square, Times Square was renamed in 1904 after The New York Times moved its headquarters to the then newly erected Times Building - now One Times Square - the site of the annual New Year's Eve ball drop which began on December 31, 1907, and continues today.
The first electrified advertisment appeared on the side of a bank at the corner of 46th Street and Broadway on April 1904. The image below shows what the square looked like circa 1910.
Sophia Loren Dresses for a Movie Scene
Sophia Loren, born Sofia Villani Scicolone, is an Italian film actress and singer. She began her film career at age 16 and appeared in several minor roles in the early part of the decade, until her five-picture contract with Paramount in 1956 launched her international career.Embed from Getty Images
Carlo Ponti changed her name and public image to appeal to a wider audience as Sophia Loren. She started starring in films towards the middle of the 1950s and became an international film star in 1958.
Florence Chadwick, the american swimmer known for long-distance open water swimming, was a true trail blazer. She was the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions, setting a time record each time.
She was also the first woman to swim the Catalina Channel, the Straits of Gibraltar, the Bosporus (one way), and the Dardanelles (round trip).Embed from Getty Images
At the age of 10 she became the youngest person to swim across the mouth of San Diego Bay. In the image she can be seen with her friend Mrs. Scotty Van Dermeer as they are romping on the dunes at a resort near Cap Gris Nez. In 1970 she was induced into the International Swimming Hall of Fame.
Workers Celebration Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
The world's First Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860s to join the east and west of the United States. It was one the greatest American technological feats of the 19th century.
The fact that there was now a link for trade, commerce, and travel, opened many regions of the North for settlement. Before the railroad was complete, people used stagecoach lines and wagon trains, which were far slower.Embed from Getty Images
Laborers for the building of the railroad were recruited from Army veterans and Irish immigrants. The West portion of the rails lacked labor power and so the Union had to turn to China for laborers. The railroad opened for through traffic on May 10, 1869 when CPRR President Leland Stanford drove the gold "Last Spike" with a silver hammer. In the image above you can see the ceremony and the celebrating workers at Promontory Summit, Utah.
Diana at the Guildhall
Diana, the Princess of Wales, was and is one of the most beloved members of the British Royal family. She got engaged to Prince Charles in 1981 and the two got married in July that same year.Embed from Getty Images
In the image you can see her as glamorous and beautiful as ever. She was attending the Guildhall in London for a fashion show in November 1982, wearing a blue dress by Bruce Oldfield.
But her cheery disposition is doing a good job hiding the rather eventful year she had. It was only a few months before this event, on June 1982, that she gave birth to Prince William.
Anti Vietnam War Demonstration
The Vietnam War was one of the longest US combat force participation outside its borders. However, as the role of the U.S military in the war escalated, demonstrations of opposition to the United States involvement in Vietnam grew in scale and influence. Peace movements became stronger and gained political power starting 1964.
It started with mainly students, mothers, and anti-establishment hippies, but grew further to include the African-American civil rights movement, the women's liberation ,and Chicano movement.Embed from Getty Images
Their actions were mainly peaceful, but sometimes encountered violent responses from the police. The country became polarized and the media played an important role in it. Many popular musicians joined as well inculding Joni Mitchell and Jimi Hendrix and they too pulled young followers after them. In the image above you can see the head of the an anti-Vietnam War peace march up Geary Boulevard, San Francisco, in 1971.
Frazier Beats Ali
The fight of the Century was a boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier on March 8, 1971. It took place in Madison Square Garden in New York City. It was the first time those two undefeated boxers fough each other for the heavyweight title.
Frazier won the 15-round battle by a unanimous decision. It was the first fight in the trilogy, that followed with the Super Fight II of 1974 and Thrilla in Manila of 1975. Ali won them both.Embed from Getty Images
The fight had more than just a sports related significance. Ali had become a symbol of the left-wing anti-establishement movement while Frazier had been adopted by the conservative side. As a result, it appealed to many non-sports fans that felt that the final outcome had a social meaning as well.
Peter Finch Getting Wine Glass Shot Off His Head
The Legend of Lylah Clare is a 1968 american film that is a satire on Hollywood. It stared Peter Finch, that is seen in the image below in one of the movie's scenes that depicted a "typical" Hollywood party where a chmapagne glass is thrown at him.Embed from Getty Images
The film was full of references to similar films and told the story of an untalented beginner that is hired to play the legendary Lylah Clare and is consumed by the system. The film was not successful, but did develop a small cult reputation.
Funeral of Medgar Evers
Medgar Evers was an African American civil rights activist in Mississippi. He was also a World Wor II veteran, serving in the United States Army. He fought for the civil rights of African Americans, not just by being an activist, but also by leading by example. Following the ruling that the segregated public schools were unconstitutional, he challenged the state of Mississippi that supported the segregation by applying to law school there.Embed from Getty Images
In 1963, when Evers was only 37, he was assassinated by a member of the White Citizens' Council. In the image you can see his wife, Myrlie Evers (second right), comforting their son, Darryl Kenyatta Evers, while daughter Reena Denise Evers (center, in white dress) wipes her own tears.
Having him being a veteran, Evers was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery. All-white juries failed to reach verdicts in the first two trials of the murderer during the 60s,and it was only in 1994 in a new state trial that he was finally convicted.
Paris Peace Accords
After almost 20 years of fighting in the Vietnam war, a peace treaty was signed on January 27, 1973 to end the bloodshed and establish peace in Vietnam. The Paris Peace Accords included representatives from four factions of the Vietnam War. On the left are representatives from South Vietnam led by Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Luu Vien.
On the right are representatives from the Vietcong led by General Nguyen Van Hieu. In the forground are representatives from North Vietnam led by Le Duc Tho. In the background are representatives from the United States led by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.Embed from Getty Images
Even though the Peace accords seemed very promisng at the time they were signed, the provisions were almost immedietly violated with no response from the United States. Fighting was renewed in March 1973, only 2 months after signing, and North Vietnam enlarged its control by the end of the year. Two years later, a massive North Vietnamese offensive conquered South Vietnam.
Right along all the civil rights movements that gained traction during the 60s and 70s, so were the feminist movements. One of the more prominent leaders of these movements at the time was Betty Friedan. Her book The Feminine Mystique is often thought of as the spark that ignited the second wave of American feminism.Embed from Getty Images
Friedan also co-founded and was selected as the first president of the National Organization for Women. In 1970, she organized the nationwide Women's Strike for Equality.
After the success of the strike, she joined other leading figures in the establishment of the National Women's Political Caucus. Until the late 90s, she remained active in the fight for women's equality and released 6 more books.
The beautiful native American princess that is known to most from the Disney movie Pocahontas, is based on a real native American princess by the same name.
The Disney movie features the historical anecdote where she saved the life of the Englishman John Smith when her father wanted to execute him. However, many historians don't trust this version, though it sounds very lovely and romantic.Embed from Getty Images
In reality, Pocahontas was captured by the English in 1613. During her captivity, she converted to christoanity and changed her name to Rebecca. When she had the option to return to her people she chose to stay with the English and at the age of 17 she married the colonialist John Rolfe. In the image you can see her wearing traditional attire at the time of the wedding.
Luther King Marches
As we mentioned before, the fact that MLK joined the march from Selma to Montgomery in 1965, helped to give the movement a formal recognition and national support. In the image you can see Martin Luther King and his wife Coretta Scott King by his side.Embed from Getty Images
Before leading the 1965 march, he led the 1955 Montgomery Bus boycott. First it was a 15 year old black schoolgirl that refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in violation of the racial segregation laws. King was part of the committee that looked into the case, but a few members wanted to wait for a case that didn't involve a minor.
Nine months later Rosa Parks was arrested for a similar incident. The two incidents led to the Montgomery bus boycott, which was long and violent, but ended with the removal of racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses. King's role in the boycott made him a national figure. In 1964, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance.
Marilyn Monroe, the iconic actress, singer and model, was found unexpectedly dead of a barbiturate overdose in the morning of august 5, 1962. She has suffered from mental illness and substance abuse for several years before her death. Officials ruled her death as probable suicide, but it is yet unclear to this day what exactly had happened.Embed from Getty Images
On the last day of her life, she was at her home in Brentwood. At approximately 3am, the housekeeper noticed that Monroe had locked herself in the bedroom and was unresponsive.
She was only 36 years old and there was so much more she could have accomplished. By the time of her death, her films grossed $200 million.
Cuban Rebel Leader Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro adopted his leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana. He first participated in rebellious anti right-wing movements in other countries, before becoming the leader of the guerilla that planned to overthrow the Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.
After a first failing attempt, Castro traveled to Mexico and formed the 26th of July Movement with his borther Raul Castro and Che Guevara. The movement intiated the Cuban Revolution and Castro led the guerilla war.Embed from Getty Images
In 1959, Castro entered Havana with his arm raised in triumph. He assumed military and political power and became Cuba's Prime Minister. Cuba under Castro did not have a "friendly" relationship with the United States. The United States on thier end tried to remove him by assassination, economic blockade and counter revolution.
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones were one of those bands, if not the leader, that invaded the United States with the their music and influence. The British Invasion as it was called made British bands extremely popular in Northern America during the 60s and were marked by their youthful and rebellious characteristics that made them appealing to the 60s culture.Embed from Getty Images
After major success around the world, the band was scheduled for an American tour in 1969. In the image you can see Keith Richards (left) and Mick Jagger at Stephen Stills' house in Laurel Canyon, LA, as they rehearse for their American tour.
Donald and Ivana Trump
Before he became the 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump was a successul businessman and television personality, known by many thanks to his extremely popular reality TV show The Apprentice. In 1977, Trump married Czech model Ivana Zelníčková.
They had three children together, Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric. The couple divorced in 1992 after Trump's affair with actress Marla Maples became known. Maples herself became Trump's second wife, but they too divorced a few years later.Embed from Getty Images
In the image you can see Donald and Ivana Trump on 1988 while attending the U.S. Open Tennis Tournament in Flushing, Queens.
Meredith Wooldridge Thring was a British inventor, engineer, futurologist, professor and author. Though he started his educational career in science, he switched to engineering because, according to him, he wanted to make the world a better place.
He wrote multiple books and publications where he described tools and robots for less developed countries to help people on both domestic and gardening tasks.Embed from Getty Images
While in Queen Mary College he produced a stair-climbing robot for people with disabilities. In the image you can see him as he tests one of his chairs in November 23rd, 1972.
Grand Central Station
The Grand Central Terminal, located at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in New York City, is one of the most famous train stations in the world. Not only that, but it is also one of the world's most visited tourist attractions in general. Its time of construction was the longest in the world.Embed from Getty Images
The station appears in multiple Hollywood movies such as Armageddon, I Am Legend, Friends with Benefits, and The Avengers. It is also mentioned in the novel The Catcher in the Rye. In the image you can see beams of sunlight streaming through the windows of the station in 1930.
Bernadine Dohrn and Her Attorney Michael Kennedy
Weather Underground was a radical left-wing dometic terror group that was active in the late 60s and 70s. One of its former leaders was Bernardine Dohrn. On May 17th 1982 she appeared before a Federal Grand Jury which investigated the Rockland county holdup from October the previous year in which two policemen and a guard were killed.
She has been sought after being identified as one of those who fled an explosion in a Greenwich Village townhouse that was being used as a bomb factory. According to her lawyer, Michael Kennedy, she was called to give samples of her handwriting.Embed from Getty Images
As a member of the Weather Underground, Dohrn helped to create a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States and was responsible for bombing of the United States Capitol. She is married to Bill Ayres, a co-founder of the Weather Underground. During the 80s she became employed by a chicago law firm. In 1991, she was hired by Northwestern University School of Law.
Ham The Space Chimp After Space Flight
Ham the Chimp was the first non-human specie to be launched into space. The launch occured on January 31, 1961, as part of America's space program. There were originally 40 chimpanzee flight candidates, but Ham was selected. Ham was trained to do simple tasks in response to electric lights and sounds.Embed from Getty Images
In the image you can see Ham, after the successful Space flight, being helped out of the space capsule. After the flight, Ham lived for 17 years in the National Zoo in DC, before joining a small group of captive chimps at North Carolina Zoo.
San Francisco Flower Children
The flower children were the nickname awarded to the young people who gathered in San Francisco during the Summer of Love in 1967. They would often wear flowers and floral-themed decorations to symbolize the ideals of love and peace that were their guidelines.Embed from Getty Images
In the image you can see the barefoot flower children engage in a group hug at a love-in in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco during the late 60s.
First Televised Presidential Debate
John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon were the first presidential candidates that got to participate in a televisied presidential debate. The debate not only affected the outcome of the elections, but also introduced a new element into the shaping of a public image. Media exposure became essential to the success of a political campaign.
The debate was also occuring at a key moment in American hisotry. The middle of the Cold War, Catro's rise to power in Cuba, the civil rights movements and more. In addition, the two candidates couldn't be more different.Embed from Getty Images
Republican vice president Richard Nixon (left) and democratic senator John F.Kennedy faced each other in four presidential debates during the 1960 general election. At the election that was held on November 8, 1960. Kennedy won 303 of the electoral votes and beat Nixon by 0.17% of the popular vote.